高三毕业暑假如何预习大学英语?

高三毕业暑假如何预习大学英语?

匿名用户 3小时前 183 大学 英语
1.大学英语和高中英语的差别是? 2.想要大一过四级甚至六级需要在哪些方面注意? 3.可以买那种参考资料或者教科书?
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既然被邀请了,我就不谈你要不要学英语,学英语对你有什么好处了

我只假设:

第一你高考成绩还不错,不管是否考上心仪学校,但是总体来说,相对比较稳定了
第二你的确打定主意了,增加个英文技能
第三你有决心整个暑假接近100天都在家做个家里蹲

以上三点缺一不可,如果你觉得自己符合,就往下看,如果觉得不符合,就算了

开篇明智,四级是个非常简单的东西,保持高考及格的基础,背一个月不到时间的单词做做题就能过了,想要预习大学英语,其实没有任何必要

你需要的不是去预习新课,而是要补课,补旧课,尤其是补传统教育培养上的疏漏

疏漏在哪呢?

一般来说新生儿开始获得母语的这个过程有很多值得成年人参考的地方,虽然无法做到一模一样,但很多注意要点还是尽可能要去做的,其中最重要的一点就在于几乎所有人都是从慢慢的听力输入开始来掌握语言的,而传统的教育偏重的地方主要在于应试和备考,尤其是对知识点的死记硬背和大量刷题这种重复性机械性行为的狂热

严格来说,这种行为只能叫应试,而不叫学语言,做1000道听力题和阅读题,实际上不能起到有效的听力输入和阅读输入的作用

所以传统的学校教育最容易疏漏的,就是听力输入工作,和广大培训学校说的不一样,并不是什么基础很好,只是缺乏开口说的前提和环境,反而是这个基础才是几乎所有中国人都最欠缺的,最好早点补,越早越不吃亏。当然前提是你希望毕业后有能力熟练的把英文作为工作工具使用的话

所以如果你真的有规划,那么可以参考下文

在培养自己的听感和口腔的流利度时,最重要的不是获得对大量生词发音的,而是把你已经记得的单词的各种音全都熟练于心,不要觉得我都背上了所以很简单,其实很多人的听力词汇很少,尚且做到听音识意,只能听音翻译,然后识意,这样对自己的英文学习其实是个很大的阻碍,连听力都只能处于这个水平,那就不要说口语跟阅读了

所以最理想的听力训练方案和听力材料,是找到一堆的对话和篇章,基本上都在高三的词汇和语法范围里,同时这些材料的音频,都分级,从比较缓慢的语速,慢慢过渡到比较快速,然后逐渐熟悉常速的材料

只有在这个基础上,才能开始慢慢获得准确的听音辨字的能力,也就是听到生词能拼写出来,最后开始加大听力材料内容上而不是语速上的难度

而且这些材料最好是英美音和其它国家口音都包括一点,这样对听力的锻炼效果最好,同时材料最好有趣有意思,引人入胜

从这个基础上考虑,最适合的听力锻炼材料,是所谓的简易分级读物,这类材料有很多种,比如什么书虫之类的,但是做的最好的是password和black cat两套,比任何一种都好,主要原因是这两种不是单纯枯燥的朗读,而是播讲,类似广播剧的配音,还有背景音乐,听起来就给人以想象的空间,而且播讲者的演绎能力非常强,不是在干巴巴读书,而是在表演,非常引人入胜


password比较简单,一共28本,分成了五个级别

第一级(Beginner)
这一级别读物几乎都以现在时陈述,出现一些情态动词,尤其是must和can;并包含大量关于形容词、介词和疑问词的练习。在第一级的读物中,插图在词汇学习与测试中起到了重要的作用。

第二级(Elementary)
这一级别读物几乎都以现在时陈述。其中也出现一些情态动词的使用,尤其是must, can,should,have to。这一级别的大多数读物包含关于形容词比较级、不规则名词复数形式,以及疑问词和疑问句的练习。每册读物都配有全彩色插图,既帮助读者加强对文章的理解,又增加练习题的生动性。

第三级(Pre-intermediate)
几乎所有故事都以现在时讲述,涉及少量过去时,尤其是was和were。大多数读物都聚焦于常用的基本词汇,很少出现助动词,读者可以进一步学习形容词的比较级和疑问词的用法。

第四级(Intermediate)
一般过去时广泛地出现在这一级别的读物中。学生可以从中掌握不规则动词的过去时态变形。文章中还包括动词的一般将来时和一些常用情态动词的用法。这一级别的文章用词更为广泛,读者可以深入学习形容词比较级和最高级的用法。其中一些读本还讲述了更为复杂的语法结构,比如条件状语从句、不定式结构等。语法讲解采用大量疑问句和否定句作为例子,以加深对语法结构的学习。

第五级(Upper-intermediate)
这一级别读物涉及的话题及词汇主要聚焦于现代时尚行业:电视产品、时尚设计、电子银行等。这些故事的中心内容是商业事务及现代无线通信。文章中使用了中高级难度的动词时态和其他语法结构。

方法:不用看文本(都很简单),从头听到尾便是
优点:比VOA慢速有趣的多,缺点也如此,难度太小了

下面是black cat系列,这个系列很多,国内华师大出版社引进了,但是出版的顺序不太对,导致按照国内的顺序学习,会出现级别跨越的情况,不利于完整学习,因此我在国外官网整理下,给出了正确的学习顺序:

Audiobook朗读录音是所有有声读物中最棒的,不是简单的读书,而是不同角色的扮演,找了很多很多人来客串表演,还有背景音效,比书虫好太多,最难得的是口音众多,美音英音各地口音都有,对听力有奇效,但是国内引进的是阉割版,分级分的非常错乱,所以导致不同级别之间的书籍难度衔接不起来,对学习者造成很大困扰

黑猫在官网把自己的系列分成了Early Reads,Green Apple, Reading & Training,国内出版社把后面两个都混在一起了,造成级别难度上的跨越,所以整理了一下把原版目录发过来,照这个学会很好,但是有很多书没有引进,尤其是R&T,共120多本,国内远远不够。下面凡是美语发音的都标注出来了

想练听力,听有声书入门,听黑猫挺好,想提高词汇量有点悬,最难的R & T词汇量不过4500

Green Apple分成了starter,step1和step2

Starter
Anne of Green Gables NEW Lucy M. Montgomery Adapted by Sally M.Stockton starter
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland Lewis Carroll starter
Bathsheba the Witch Jane Elizabeth Cammack starter
Beauty and the Beast Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont starter
Black Beauty Anna Sewell starter
Five Children and It E. Nesbit starter
Ghost Ship of Bodega Bay (The) Gina D. B. Clemen AmE starter
Halloween Horror Gina D. B. Clemen AmE starter
Happy Prince and The Selfish Giant(The) Oscar Wilde starter
Jungle Book (The) Rudyard Kipling starter
Just So Stories Rudyard Kipling starter
Nutcracker (The) E. T. A. Hoffmann starter
Peter Pan J. M. Barrie starter
Sandokan Emilio Salgari starter
Secret Garden (The) Frances Hodgson Burnett starter
Secret of the Stones (The) Victoria Heward starter
Tempest (The) William Shakespeare starter
Wind in theWillows (The) Kenneth Grahame starter
Wonderful Wizard of Oz (The) L. Frank Baum AmE starter
Zorro! Johnston McCulley AmE starter

Step 1
Adventures of Tom Sawyer (The) (NewEdition) Mark Twain Adapted by Sally M.Stockton AmE 1
Akron House Mystery Gina D. B. Clemen AmE 1
American Folk Tales George Gibson AmE 1
Black Arrow (The) Robert Louis Stevenson 1
Bottle Imp (The) Robert Louis Stevenson 1
British and American Festivities Gina D. B. Clemen AmE 1
Davy Crockett Gina D. B. Clemen AmE 1
Ghastly Ghosts! Gina D. B. Clemen 1
Great Expectations Charles Dickens 1
Halloween... Magic, Witches andVampires Kelly Reinhart AmE 1
I Want To Be You Andrea M. Hutchinson 1
Jason and the Argonauts 1
The Last Unicorn Jane Elizabeth Cammack 1
Legends from the British Isles 1
Little Women Louisa May Alcott AmE 1
Lost Treasure of Bodega Bay (The) Gina D. B. Clemen AmE 1
A Midsummer Night's DreamWilliamShakespeare 1
Mystery in San Francisco Gina D.B. Clemen AmE 1
Prince and the Pauper (The) Mark Twain 1
Project VampireVictoria Heward 1
Railway Children (The) E. Nesbit 1
Red Pony (The) John Steinbeck AmE 1
Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe 1
Sherlock Holmes and The Red Circle Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 1
Treasure of Franchard (The) Robert Louis Stevenson 1
True Story of Pocahontas (The) Kelly Reinhart AmE 1

Step 2
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain AmE 2
Call of the Wild (The) Jack London AmE 2
David Copperfield Charles Dickens 2
David Copperfield (New Edition) NEWCharles Dickens Adapted by Gina D. B.Clemen 2
Great English Monarchs and their Times Gina D. B. Clemen 2
King Arthur and his Knights 2
Macbeth William Shakespeare 2
Oliver Twist Charles Dickens 2
Oliver Twist (New Edition) NEWCharles Dickens Adapted by Gina D. B.Clemen 2
Oscar Wilde's Short Stories Oscar Wilde 2
Robin Hood Sally M. Stockton 2
Robin Hood (New Edition) Retold by Sally M. Stockton 2
Treasure Island Robert Louis Stevenson 2
White Fang Jack London AmE 2
未标记
Romeo and Juliet William Shakespeare 而且Reading & Training里面还有一本Romeo & Juliet

Reading & Training(这个系列缺了很多)

Step 1
Alien Alert in Seattle Gina D.B. Clemen 1AmE
Home for Christmas Andrea M.Hutchinson 1
Message from a Ghost (A) AndreaM. Hutchinson 1缺
Miami Police File: The O'NellCase Gina D. B. Clemen 1
Missing in Sydney Andrea M.Hutchinson 1
Sherlock Holmes Stories SirArthur Conan Doyle 1
Tales from The Thousand and OneNights 1
Tristan and Isolde 1
Truth about Professor Smith(The) NEWAndrea M. Hutchinson 1缺

Step 2
Alice’s Adventures inWonderland Lewis Carroll 2 缺
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (NewEdition) NEWLewis Carroll Adapted by Gina D. B. 2
Animal Tales R. Kipling, E.Parker Butler et al. 2 AmE
Around the World in 80Days Jules Verne 2
Around the World in Eighty Days (NewEdition) Jules Verne Adapted by Eleanor Donaldson 2
Dream Come True (A) Andrea M.Hutchinson 2
Fisherman and his Soul(The) Oscar Wilde 2
Hamlet William Shakespeare 2
Journey to the Centre of theEarth Jules Verne Adapted by Jennifer Gascoigne 2缺
Jumping Frog (The) Mark Twain 2AmE
Kidnapped Robert Louis Stevenson 2
Lost World (The) Sir ArthurConan Doyle 2
Magical Tales from the SouthSeas Robert Louis Stevenson 2
Murder at Coyote Canyon Gina D.B. Clemen 2
Mutiny on the Bounty (The) 2
Rajah's Diamond (The) RobertLouis Stevenson 2缺
Ransom of Red Chief and Other Stories(The) O. Henry 2AmE
Rob Roy Sir Walter Scott 2缺
Secret Garden (The) FrancesHodgson Burnett 2缺
Stories of Ghosts andMysteries J. S. Le Fanu, R. Kipling, N. Hawthorne 2AmE
Time Games NEWVictoria Heward 2缺
Willing Ghost (The) RobertWellington 2缺

Step 3
Canterville Ghost (The) OscarWilde 3缺
Classic Detective Stories A.Conan Doyle et al. 3
Diamond as Big as The Ritz(The) F. Scott Fitzgerald 3AmE
Final Problem and Other Stories(The) NEW Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Adapted by Eleanor Donaldson 3缺
Great Mysteries of OurWorld Gina D. B. Clemen 3
Gulliver's Travels JonathanSwift 3缺
Hound of the Baskervilles(The) Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 3
Jane Eyre Charlotte Brontë 3
JuliusCaesar William Shakespeare 3 缺
Kim Rudyard Kipling 3
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and OtherStories Oscar Wilde 3缺
Love in Shakespeare: FiveStories Adapted by Jennifer Gascoigne 3缺
Master of Ballantrae(The) Robert Louis Stevenson 3缺
Moonfleet John Meade Falkner 3
Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck 3AmE缺
Pearl (The) John Steinbeck 3AmE缺
Phantom of the Opera(The) Gaston Leroux 3
Pickwick Papers (The) CharlesDickens Adapted by Maud Jackson 3缺
Prisoner of Zenda (The) AnthonyHope 3
Return of Sherlock Holmes(The) Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 3缺
Romeo and Juliet WilliamShakespeare 3
Scarlet Pimpernel (The) BaronessOrczy 3缺
Sherlock HolmesInvestigates Sir Arthur Conan Doyle 3
Stories of Suspense NathanielHawthorne 3AmE
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde(The) Robert Louis Stevenson 3缺
Tales of the Supernatural C.Dickens, E.A. Poe, E. Nesbit, F.M. Crawford 3
Three Men in a Boat Jerome K.Jerome 3
Three Musketeers (The) AlexandreDumas père Adapted by Jennifer Gascoigne 3缺
Tragedy of Richard III(The) William Shakespeare Adapted by Richard Elliott 3缺
Treasure Island Robert LouisStevenson 3缺
True Adventure Stories PeterForeman 3缺
Twelfth Night WilliamShakespeare 3缺
Vampire's Tear (The) Gina D. B.Clemen 3AmE缺
£1,000,000 Banknote (The) MarkTwain 3AmE

Step 4
American Horror (Newedition) Edgar Allan Poe 4 AmE
Beowulf 4
Beowulf (New Edition) NEWRetoldby Robert Hill 4
Canterbury Tales (The) GeoffreyChaucer 4
Christmas Carol (A) CharlesDickens 4
Daisy Miller Henry James 4AmE
Dracula Bram Stoker 4
Famous British Criminals fromThe Newgate Calendar 4
Jack the Ripper Peter Foreman 4
Last of the Mohicans (The) JamesFenimore Cooper 4AmE
Macbeth WilliamShakespeare 4
Merchant of Venice (The) WilliamShakespeare 4
Midsummer Night's Dream(A) William Shakespeare 4
Moby Dick Herman Melville 4AmE
Moonstone (The) Wilkie Collins 4
Morte d'Arthur (Le) Sir ThomasMalory 4
Much Ado About Nothing WilliamShakespeare 4
Northanger Abbey Jane Austen 4
Othello William Shakespeare 4
Power and Ambition inShakespeare Adapted by Jane Elizabeth Cammack 4
Secret Agent (The) Joseph Conrad 4
Sign of Four (The) Sir ArthurConan Doyle 4
Study in Scarlet (A) Sir ArthurConan Doyle 4
The House of the SevenGables Nathaniel Hawthorne 4AmE
Three Men on the Bummel JeromeK. Jerome Adapted by Gina D. B. Clemen 4
Tom Jones Henry Fielding 4
Tragedy of Dr Faustus(The) Christopher Marlowe 4
Turn of the Screw (The) Henry James 4
Valley of Fear (The) Sir ArthurConan Doyle 4
Washington Square Henry James 4AmE
Wicked and Humorous Tales Saki 4
Woman in White (The) WilkieCollins 4

Step 5
Age of Innocence (The) EdithWharton 5
Emma Jane Austen 5
Frankenstein Mary Shelley 5
Gothic Short Stories W. W.Jacobs, Amelia B. Edwards et al. 5AmE
Grapes of Wrath (The) JohnSteinbeck 5AmE
Great Expectations CharlesDickens 5
Great Expectations (NewEdition) Charles Dickens Adapted by Gina D. B. Clemen 5
Great Gatsby (The) F. ScottFitzgerlad 5AmE
Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad 5
Jane Eyre Charlotte Brontë 5
Lord Jim Joseph Conrad 5
Murders in the Rue Morgue(The) Edgar Allan Poe 5AmE
Pamela Samuel Richardson 5
Passage to India (A) E. M.Forster 5
Persuasion Jane Austen 5
Picture of Dorian Gray(The) Oscar Wilde 5
Portrait of a Lady (The) HenryJames 5AmE
Pride and Prejudice Jane Austen 5
Pride and Prejudice (NewEdition) NEWJane Austen Adapted by Jennifer Gascoigne 5
Problem of Cell 13 (The) JacquesFutrelle 5AmE
Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe 5
Scarlet Letter (The) NathanielHawthorne 5AmE
Sense and Sensibility JaneAusten 5
Sons and Lovers D. H. Lawrence 5
Tale of Two Cities (A) CharlesDickens 5
Taming of the Shrew(The) William Shakespeare 5
Tess of the D'Urbervilles ThomasHardy 5
Vanity Fair William Thackeray 5
Wuthering Heights Emily Brontë 5

Step 6
Mill on the Floss (The) GeorgeEliot 6
Silas Marner George Eliot 6
Wuthering Heights Emily Brontë 6

国内的资源缺了很多,不过并不碍事,一本本接着听完便是

建议方法:从starter开始听,按照级别,每个级别从第一本听到最后一本,然后重复,再重新从第一本开始听,每一个级别都从头到尾听三遍,然后进入下一个级别,这是最推荐的

有了这样的听力输入量,相信在大学里提高和飞跃,会容易很多

看上去很多,其实每天拿出2个小时左右,一个暑假肯定是可以听完的,打下的基础其实非常扎实

这两个资源的下载地址是:
Password Readers系列
MP3:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1hqoo2LQ,密码: 7ris;
Ebook: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1eQcNn0m,密码: itg2;

http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=118005&uk=1781137478 这个请对着我发的目录,慢慢整理整理,有些顺序混乱

Reading and Training系列(共6级)
MP3:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1hq3SyUS,密码: jn1b;
补充链接:wolaile35;
Ebook:http://pan.baidu.com/s/1i3mk769,密码: o9xi;
这个请对着我发的目录,慢慢整理整理,有些顺序混乱

后续,如果有同学好奇都听完了,怎么进阶?那么请参考

http://club.topsage.com/thread-2965019-1-1.html
苏斯博士Dr. Seuss绘本及音频苏斯博士Dr. Seuss29本绘本
书籍内容非常简单,几乎无生词,但是音频速度很快,基本都是常速,而且很押韵,很适合模仿

Roald Dahl全系列有声书,这个系列音频语速也很快,而且是全英音,内容依然简单,算是苏斯博士的过度

http://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/aisapo/19634180
听VOA不如学这些

这篇专栏集中了主要的连口材料,集中在连读,失爆等语音现象,从我个人的教学经验来看,汉语的韵律因为和英语有很大不同,中国人不刻意学习,只靠模仿和听力想自然而然学好几乎不可能,所以学习基础发音和进阶的规律是很有必要的,推荐学习

当然,上面的材料暑假是绝对学不完的,得留到大学的,因此不赘述

以上,诸君加油!
热心网民 2小时前 0条评论
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tmd大学那么多科目你偏偏要预习英语
方方土 2小时前 0条评论
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